5 Steps to a 5 AP European History, 2014-2015 Edition by Jeffrey Brautigam

5 Steps to a 5 AP European History, 2014-2015 Edition by Jeffrey Brautigam

Author:Jeffrey Brautigam
Language: eng
Format: epub
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Published: 2013-08-10T16:00:00+00:00

Nationalism in Russia

At midcentury, Russia’s government was the most conservative and autocratic in Europe. The peasants of Russia were still bound to the land by serfdom. The Crimean War (1853–1856), in which Russia essentially battled Britain and France for control of parts of the crumbling Ottoman Empire, damaged the reputation of both the tsar and the military. Alexander II, who ascended to the throne in 1855, was determined to strengthen Russia by reforming and modernizing it. He abolished serfdom, made the judiciary more independent, and created local political assemblies.

However, Russia was plagued by its own nationalities problem. Alexander attempted to deal with it by relaxing restrictions on the Polish population within the Russian Empire, but this fanned the flames of nationalism and led to an attempted Polish Revolution in 1863. Alexander responded with increased repression of Poles and other ethnic minorities within the Russian Empire. And after an attempt on his life in 1866, Alexander gave up all notions of liberal reform and proceeded to turn Russia into a police state.



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